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Cyclone Sitrang: Preparatory efforts by Disaster Management Dept in place
Cyclonic Storm “SITRANG” further weakened into a Depression and lay centered at 0530 hrs IST of over northeast Bangladesh and neighborhood about 90 km north-northeast of Agartala, and 100 km south-southwest of Shillong, said the India Meteorological Department.
The IMD issued a ‘red’ alert in Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Tripura in view of the Sitrang cyclone. Authorities said thunderstorms with lightning are very likely in parts of Hailakandi, Karimganj, Cachar, Dima Hasao, East and West Karbi Anglong, Morigaon, Nagaon, Kamrup Metro, Kamrup, Goalpara, Golaghat, Jorhat, and Sibsagar districts of Assam till October 26.
An IMD bulletin said the weather system is likely to bring heavy to extremely heavy rain in many northeastern states, including south Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya and Mizoram.
Following the state’s request, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has sent five teams of the NDRF. The first batch comprising 69 personnel have already arrived from Guwahati. They will be deputed at five locations—Agartala, Kumarghat, Santir Bazar, Udaipur and Teliamura. The BSF, Assam Rifles and the Army have also been alerted, said Tripura Chief Minister Manik Saha.
As part of precautionary measures, all schools will remain shut from Monday to Wednesday, and two special trains for Diwali have been cancelled in Tripura.
In the preparatory efforts states are taking many measures.
Due to the high air pressure, the seaports have been asked to keep hoisting warning signal number 3. It is raining intermittently in some places and it may continue throughout the day. There is no special warning for any district because Sitrang has now become weak. Inland river ports have been advised to keep hoisting warning signal number 2.
India uses an elaborate signal system ranging from 1 to 11, which is hoisted at the ports to warn vessels of a possible cyclonic storm. The IMD sends information periodically to ports, usually four times a day and once every three hours in case of a cyclone.
Signal 2 means a depression has formed far at sea with surface winds upto 34-47 knots (about 60-90 kmph). This signal is a warning for ships leaving the port and Signal 3 means a depression has formed and could affect the port. Suface winds likely between 22-27 knots (40-50 kmph). The port likely to experience squalls.
In at least four districts bordering Bangladesh, the administration directed the authorities to keep all educational institutes shut in view of the cyclone.
The National Highway Authority of India has been directed to keep its manpower and machines ready for any emergency requirement in any part of the State.
The West Bengal administration has taken the required steps, including the evacuation of citizens and the provision of relief supplies to shelters, in order to be ready for any potential destruction brought on by the impact of cyclone Sitrang, according to the source.
According to him, troops from the SDRF and NDRF as well as a number of teams from the disaster management department have been stationed in the state’s coastal regions. No tourists and fishermen are being allowed to go into the sea. Special teams of police along with State Disaster Response Force and National Disaster Response Force personnel have been deployed.
Control rooms have already been opened in coastal districts, and emergency management department staff from the state secretariat “Nabanna” are also keeping an eye on all developments.
A scientist with the India Meteorological Department (IMD) stated that significant rainfall is predicted for the north coastal region of Odisha. Heavy to very heavy rainfall expected over West Bengal and a few northeastern states, particularly Tripura, Meghalaya, and south Assam. In Odisha, heavy rains are likely to lash. A yellow warning of heavy rainfall was issued for certain places.
The Indian Coast Guard at Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh ordered the fishermen to come back with their boats. The Indian Coast Guard Ship Sagar is working to keep the fishing boats at sea in an effort to guarantee public safety.
Cyclone ‘Sitrang’ meaning and How cyclones are named?
Cyclone ‘Sitrang’ is named by Thailand. It’s a Thai name (pronounced as Si-trang).
According to the World Meteorological Organisation, more than one cyclone may form in the same area at once. And thus, in order to keep track of them all, tropical storms are all given names. These storms are often given names that are both simple and memorable. During a crisis, this facilitates communication.
There are four regional Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres and six Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres across the globe. They offer warnings and name cyclones. Of the six, one is the India Meteorological Department. A cyclone with sustained surface winds of 62 kilometres per hour or more is given name when it originates in the northern Indian Ocean.